HIV Transmission Probability
These figures are enough to show the speed and extent at which, HIV is spreading throughout the world. Anal sex breaks the mucus membranes in this region, thereby providing access to the virus. Besides, people who have other sexually transmitted diseases are also a soft target for HIV. The rate of transmission is dependent upon several factors, such as, type of secretion, viral load in the secretion, type of sexual act, presence of other sexually transmitted diseases, and the gender of the two persons involved in the act. HIV transmission in homosexual women is rare, however, they are still at a risk because most homosexual females are also bisexuals.
HIV is undoubtedly the most dreaded disease after cancer. While it is not possible to control the occurrence of cancer, it is certainly possible to impede the rapid spread of HIV/AIDS in our society. The possibility of transmission of the virus is more in case of anal sex than peno-vaginal intercourse. Besides, men are more vulnerable to this infection than women. This is the reason why homosexual males are at a greater risk than heterosexual couples. About 2.6 million new cases of AIDS are diagnosed every year. The high incidence of needle sharing and homosexuality is primarily responsible for such increased transmission rates among males.. Remember, HIV transmission probability is always high whenever you indulge in unprotected sex with an unknown partner or one with an unknown viral load. Female to male transmission rate is even lower if the male in question is circumcised.
According to HIV transmission statistics, there are about 33.3 million people living with AIDS all over the world. However, the attempts to control the spread of HIV are often thwarted due to lack of sufficient knowledge regarding the transmission of virus, stigma attached to the disease, and ignorance.
Probability and Statistics
The viral load or density of virus is more in genital secretions, blood, breast milk, etc. It is comparatively lesser in saliva, sweat, and tears. Hence, always take due care and precautions because HIV/AIDS is a lethal disease, and you cannot afford to risk your life due to sheer ignorance or negligence.
The reason why HIV statistics are misleading, is that, people may actually come to think that they can have unprotected sex multiple times without getting infected, as long as they stay within that 1000 mark! However, this is not the case in real life, because your probability of contracting HIV/AIDS at the first sexual encounter is as high as your one thousandth encounter. A whopping 1.6 million people die of this disease every year. Out of every 4 cases diagnosed with HIV, 3 are men. It has several risk groups, with African-American males being the most susceptible group for contracting HIV. The spread of the disease is possible from sexual contact between two males, and between one male and one female. For instance, people suffering from genital ulcers or herpes are at an increased risk of contracting the virus due to easy access to lymph nodes. However, do not let these figures fool you, for there are people who have contracted the disease after a single incidence of exposure to the virus. Hence, always use a condom while having sex with multiple and/or unknown partners. Millions of people around the world fall prey to this disease every year. Viral load is often heavy during the early and late stages of HIV infection. People who are still unclear about the various modes of HIV spread should get themselves acquainted with it.
Mathematically speaking, the probability of contracting HIV/AIDS after a single exposure to the virus is 1 in 1000
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